Andong International Mask Dance Festival

Culture & the Arts

Gyeongsangbuk-do, the birthplace of the ancient Gaya, Buddhist, and Confucian cultures, is a treasury of cultural assets. It provides its residents great opportunities to enjoy the original cultural treasures and the unique local culture.

Culture & the Arts

Gaya Kingdom Culture

The Gaya Kingdom developed on the fertile plain fields near Nakdonggang River during the era of ancient states. Seongsan Gaya in Seongju and Great Gaya in Goryeong were among them. The Great Gaya Kingdom grew to dominate the area as the leading power among the many Gaya Confederation states. The brilliant Gaya culture developed based on the iron culture.

Silla Kingdom Culture

The Silla Kingdom unified the Korean Peninsula for the first time in history, and established the basis of nationalism by bequeathing its spirit, "Hwarang," to the military cadets. Gyeongju, the capital city of the Silla Kingdom, was the birthplace of Buddhism, and the whole city itself is an open-air museum.

Confucian Culture

The province is the birthplace of the Confucian culture, which is represented by the spirit of "Seonbi" (the noble). Hahoe Village, Dosan Seowon (the ancient shrine) in Andong, and Sosu Seowon in Yeongju preserve the classical Seonbi culture of Confucianism exceptionally well. To preserve and transmit Confucianism, the Korean Studies Advancement Center was established.

Total No. of Designated Cultural Heritage Assets: 2,094

Culture & the Arts
No. of Designated National Cultural Heritage Assets : 720
No. of Designated National Cultural Heritage Assets: 682
Scenic Spots & Places Natural Monu-ments Intan-gible Assets Folk-
lore Material
58 339 99 15 68 12 91
No. of Designated Provincial Cultural Heritage Assets : 1,374
No. of Designated Provincial Cultural Heritage Assets: 1,374
Monuments Intangible Cultural
Cultural Asset
458 152 39 156 569
  • Traditional temples: 171 (20% of all the temples)
  • Seowons (Confucian shrines): 56 (21% of the total)
  • Hyanggyos (village shrines): 40 (18% of the total)
UNESCO-registered World Cultural Assets
  • Gyeongju Sukgulam, Bulguksa (December 1995)
  • Gyeongju Historical Site District (December 2000) - 5 districts
  • Historic Villages of Korea - Hahoe and Yangdong (July 2010)
Cultural Facilities: 1,239
Cultural Facilities: 1,239
Culture &
Art Centers
Art Galleries Publishing Companies Movie Theaters Museums
27 11 1105 31 65
Public libraries

Public libraries- 2014(37), 2015(53), 2016(57), 2017(57), 2018(57), 2019(65)

Culture & the Arts
Public Performance Troupes: 992 people in 26 troupes
Public Performance Troupes: 992 people in 26 troupes
Traditional Korean Companies Theatre Companies Dance Companies Symphony Orchestras Choruses Orchestras
Groups 4 4 3 3 11 1
Artists 139 52 85 198 448 70

Gyeongsangbuk-do runs the Provincial Korean Traditional Company and Gyeongbuk Symphony Orchestra.